Morgan Robertson
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How to Erect a Fence


When erecting a fence, you will need the following tools:

  • Spade
  • Hammer
  • String
  • Spirit Level
  • Ram (something to compact the concrete into the hole)

You could also use Spodgers (or post hollers) and a wheel barrow. It doesn’t matter what the posts are made of you will need to sink them into the ground by at least a third the length of what is above ground, for example, a 6ft fence will need a further 2ft into the ground making the overall post height 8ft. When you start erecting the fence, you will want to put the two end posts in first and attach some string tied tightly between the top of these; this will help you to get a straight fence with an even fall on ground that isn’t level.

Fixing the Post

Although there are products available, that means you do not need to dig holes such as the Met Post. This a metal stake with an indented box on top for a post to slot into. However it is very difficult to get the metal stake to go straight into the ground without twisting, not only is this problematic, you then fasten the post into the top 6in of this product which makes it very unstable and the erected fence will soon start to rock in the wind. By far the best way to secure your post is with concrete, this can be hard work especially in stony soils, but the fence will remain solid for many years. When digging the hole try to keep it narrow, this will reduce the amount of concrete you will need and help to hold the post upright while setting, the width of your spade is a good guide for the width. As the hole gets deeper, you will have to get on your knees to take out the loose soil or you could use Spodgers which are specially designed for this. Mark on the post you are going to use the depth of the actual fence from the top, you can then use this to test if your hole is deep enough (DO NOT CUT THE POST DOWN JUST TO SAVE DIGGING IT WILL BE MORE LIKELY TO ROCK LATER). When the hole is deep enough place the post in the middle lining the top with the line and using the spirit level to check that it is straight, when this is correct put some concrete into the hole and ram the mix down to fasten the base of the post then check it again with the level to make sure that it hasn’t moved. If the post is still straight then proceed to fill the hole ramming the mix and checking the level regularly if the post has moved slightly you can straighten it by ramming a bit more concrete on the side that wants to push in. When the post hole has been filled with concrete cover slightly with soil to tidy the area up, and if the soil is very dry you could then put some water over the concrete to make it set quicker, but in most cases, there will be enough moisture in the soil to set the concrete overnight.

Fastening to the Post

It will depend on the type of fence you have chosen to how it fastens to the post, if you are using panels then these will need to be put between the posts. The easiest way to do this is as you fix the posts, you do not have to worry about getting the space correct then because the panel will act as a spacer.


whiteFirst Fasten the panel to your first post either will nails if you have used a wooden post or slot into the groove if, on concrete posts, you will have to have somebody hold the panel then while you put the second post in. Make sure that the hole is deep enough for the second post then when correct nail this post onto the panel, and line up with the string at the top, then check with a level that the bottom is in the correct position if so you can then proceed to fill the hole with concrete. With concrete posts you will have to push the post tightly against the panel before putting the concrete into the hole, then when the concrete has filled about half of the hole knock the post tight up to the pane with the butt of a sled hammer or some other suitably solid ram.

Finishing Touches

You can paint your fence in a variety of color’s it’s completely up to you. You can use white, which is very popular color for fences, or even blue and red if you want to make it interesting. You can also fasten caps to the tops of the posts to add a final touch. If you have pets such as rabbits or small dogs in the garden, it’s a good idea to buy some wire netting and run this along with the bottom of the fence, covering a band about 2ft high along the length of the fence. You can also submerge a couple of feet of wire in the ground to prevent animals tunneling in or out. This can be done by digging a trench submerge the wire then fill in the hole. The wire can be painted like the fence or hidden behind border flowers and trees to be kept out of site. The choice is up to you. Setting up the fence is not hard, and you can even do it yourself, but keep in mind it will take few days of work.

Ever brought someone flowers?

The flower is always a good idea if you are not sure what gift is appropriate for the situation at hand. Because everybody likes to get flowers, and it is the safe option. Ever wondered what message you are sending to the person? Here is a guide to how different colors can stimulate emotions and even physical reactions even though the person may not be aware! This will help you to choose the right one for your occasion.

Chromotherapy also knew as color therapy is an increasingly popular alternative medicine as it is relatively cheap and can be brought into our everyday lives without even realizing. There is an ever-increasing science behind chromotherapy, the basis for this is the fact that light is the most basic of energy. Without sunlight, plants cannot grow, and it’s the best source of Vitamin D for humans. Colors within the color spectrum are energy fields that vibrate at different frequencies. Take the color red for example – red has a wave length of 1/33,000 of an inch, about twice that of violet.

Humans need light to live as it provides food for them, however light therapists have taken it a step further saying that humans need light in different intensities and color ranges to regulate their biological clocks. There is a gland that acts as the body’s ‘light meter’ called the pineal gland which processes spectral differences which it then passes on to the brain. Different systems within the body can respond positively to different colors especially blood pressure.

Light is sensed visually, and through the skin, so light therapists state that simply seeing different colors can be therapeutic. An example of this is in the industry when items are being packaged for the public; color is one of the essential credentials the consumer will look at. This, therefore, could be said for your garden, depending on the type of environment you are trying to create as well as when sending someone a bunch of flowers which isn’t only a thoughtful gift but can also show hidden meanings.

This is a helpful hint for people who like sending flowers, a basic understanding of the meanings different colors convey and the reactions they can evoke:

redRED – represents aggressiveness, vitality, passion, and excitement. Red increases respiration rates stimulates the nerves and raises blood pressure. It is important to avoid reds for people who suffer from anxiety or high blood pressure.

ORANGE – represents determination, enthusiasm, joy, ambition, and excitement. Orange increases oxygen to the brain produces an invigorating effect without raising blood pressure.

YELLOW – is associated with energy, conveys warmth, sunshine, and happiness. Yellow is said to stimulate mental activity including the motor nerves, which promotes the energy needed for muscles. The best color to send to cheer up someone.

GREEN – freshness, harmony, suggests health and fertility. This is the most restful color; it lowers blood pressure and produces a sensation of warmth.

BLUE – means authority, confidence, wisdom, security and is used to represent heaven. Blue is the second most powerful color, producing a calming, soothing effect.

PURPLE – this combines the energy of red with the stability of blue, suggesting spirituality, sophistication, luxury, royalty, and authority. In studies, it has been found that nearly 75% of children prefer the color purple and is one of the most liked colors of all ages.

WHITE – this represents formality, purity, neutrality, and elegance. This also represents a successful beginning as well as solemn peace, which is why is it used for births or christening and funerals.

BLACK – elegance embodies power, mystery, formality, and death. Scientifically speaking, black is not a color but a non-reflective absence of pigment that gives depth and power to other colors.

BROWN – is linked to order, earth, dependability, and convention. Associated with nature, brown complements other colors and conveys friendliness and simplicity.

A Guide to a Cost Effective and Maintainable Lawn


Overview – The Goal

Any informed gardener will tell you that a lawn can make or break a visitor’s impression of your horticultural skills. A good garden is run by an understanding gardener who knows the land and works with the environment to forge fantastic goals. You most know how often to trim your garden, and how often to water it.

The greatest and most awe-inspiring works of horticultural art are found in the classical grounds of many of Britain’s top-ranking stately homes. Hampton Court and its many acres have been tended to for over 400 years, and the lawns are still as immaculate as ever.

How can we emulate this long-lasting, manageable and above all eye-catching and healthy looking lawn in our own homes?

Conditions & Hazards

Unfortunately, lawn maintenance isn’t as simple as planting, watering, and sunshine. There is a little more to it.

When planting anything in the ground to spruce up your garden, an awareness of the competition that lies beneath the ground and how much time your lawn will be in the sun each day will keep you on top. It is crucial to understand your soil type.


The best time to plant your lawn seed will be either early spring or autumn. Both seasons have a good balance of sustained rainfall and warmth. Germination should be a snip.


Regardless of location, there are lawns across the globe. In extreme cases, golf courses have been created and maintained in deserts through extensive networks of water sprinklers and heavy fertilization. However, it is unlikely that one lives in a desert environment.

Before choosing your desired grass, find out the Ph of the ground. Is it acidic or otherwise? Is the ground mainly sand, clay, or hindered by a layer of granite or other impermeable rock type? For every terrain, there is a lawn type, and enough products on the market to sustain growth and health of the grass, be it a natural substance or otherwise.


It is often assumed that grass doesn’t grow under certain trees due to lack of sunlight. However, it is relatively unknown that some trees, namely pine, contain a natural herbicide in their needles. When these fall to the ground, the grass is destroyed. This is a natural security measure to ensure that nothing out-competes the offending tree.

Research extensively into how co-operative the current habitants of your garden will be to your new lawn.


bunnyWith every visiting breed of animal that enters your garden, the way they use it can add a natural charm or wreck your manicured haven. Regarding lawn maintenance, be aware of moles. Unfortunately, the only way to stop them in their track is to stop them dead with a trap. Alternatively, you could wait with a shovel ready to clock them on the head.

Another seemingly friendlier set of animals also unknowingly pose a threat to lawn health. Do your pets have a favorite toilet spot? If so, the ground will brown and die with the acids. Move your pet on, either by covering the patch with an empty hanging basket or by getting them a tray to do their business in.


With all the problems outlined, what methods can you take to look after your lawn?


Any well-stocked garden center will have a box of pretreated grass seed or a liquidized fertilizer solution. Both will give your lawn an advantage in the garden, giving it the necessary nitrates and chemicals to ward off bugs and promote growth.

Be careful when buying fertilizer though: ensure that you read the packaging to avoid destroying other plants in your garden by over treating an area. Secondly, be aware of the area outside your garden; be considerate to areas such as large bodies of water. Fertilizer in a natural area could lead to disastrous imbalances in the local ecosystem.


Along with the cautions that the domestic and wild animals may cause to your garden, some produce a substance that humans have relied on for farming for generations.

No matter how unglamorous it is, horse, chicken, and manure from other grazing animals hold essential nitrates that feed the ground immensely.

With that said, there is no better care for the lawn other than a splash of water from a watering can or otherwise, along with a soaking of sunshine. These tips will help you to get started, but continued labor and determination will give you the real results. It is not easy to have nice and healthy looking lawn, but it can be done. It is crucial to follow this advice and your yard will be green in no time.

Good luck!